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fasting on Ashoora

5 issues regarding fasting on Ashoora
5 questions and answers below advising the importance of fasting on Ashoora:
1- WHY DO WE FAST ASHOORA?

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Prophet (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashoora. He said, “What is this?” They said, “This is a good day, this is the day when Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala saved the Children of Israe

l from their enemy and Moosa fasted on this day.” He said, “We have closer to Moosa than you.” So he fasted on this day and
told the people to fast. Al-Bukhari (1865)

2- THE PROPHET-Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam- AND ASHOORA

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: I never saw the Prophet (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of Ashoora, and this month (i.e. Ramadaan). Al-Bukhaari, 1867

3- THE REWARD OF FASTING ASHOORA?

The Prophet (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “…fasting the day of Ashoora I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year that came before it.” Sahih Muslim, 1162

4- DOES THIS INCLUDES THE MAJOR SINS?

No. The scholars of Islam have stated that what is meant is the forgiveness of the minor sins only and not the major sins.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: The expiation of purification, prayer, and fasting Ramadaan, ‘Arafah and ‘Ashoora’ applies to minor sins only. Al-Fataawa al-Kubra Vol. 5

5- DON'T FORGET THE SUNNAH OF DIFFERING FROM THE JEWS

Ibn ‘Abbaas said: When the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) fasted on the day of Ashoora and told the people to fast, they said, “O Messenger of Allah, this is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.” The Messenger of Allah (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Next year, if Allah wills, we will fast on the ninth day.” But by the time the following year came, the Messenger of Allah (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) had passed away. Sahih Muslim, 1916.

We gain from the order to fast the 9th and 10th together the importance of being different from the Jews and all the disbelievers and that a Muslim must always strive to be unique and proud of being a Muslim.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: The Prophet (Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) forbade resembling the People of the Book in many ahaadeeth. For example, he said concerning ‘Ashoora’: “If I live until next year I will certainly fast the ninth.” Al-Fataawa al-Kubra, Vol. 6

SUMMARY:

1. Ashoora is the day when Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala saved Moosa and the Children of Israel from their enemy

2. The Prophet –Sala Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam- used to strive to fast Ashoora and he commanded his companions to do the same.

3. It forgives all of last year’s minor sins

4. It is the Sunnah to fast the 9th or 11th along with the 10th. The Sunnah is the 9th and 10th however, if one cannot fast the 9th he should fast the 11th with the 10th because the point of fasting an extra day is to differ from the Jews.

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Hijri Date

Tuesday, 22 August 2017  
29. Dhul Qadah 1438

Hadeeth Newsflash

Reported by K`ab bin Malik (RA): Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, "Two hungry wolves sent in the midst of a flock of sheep are no more destructive to them than a man's greed for wealth and fame is to his Deen.'' [At-Tirmidhi]

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